The history of Efteling
Did you know that Efteling started as a sports park, that the paper gobbler 'Holle Bolle Gijs' only appeared in the theme park in 1959 and that dive coaster Baron 1898 was opened in 2015? Here you can read everything you want to know about the history of Efteling.
1933: the birth of an idea
In 1933, Chaplain Rietra and Pastor De Klijn conceive a plan to install a sports park to the South of Kaatsheuvel. With this idea, the basis for Efteling was born. Two years later, on 19 May 1935, R.K. Sport and Wandelpark opens, with a main football pitch, two training pitches and a playing field. One year later a playground is installed next to the sports park, with among others a steam carousel, a high slide, a cable way and a real pony ride. During the following years the sports park continues to expand for the important exhibition De Schoen (The Shoe) in 1949.
1950: Efteling Nature Park Foundation
In 1950, Reinier van der Heijden, Peter Reijnders and Anton Pieck establish the Efteling Nature Park Foundation, with the aim to stimulate the physical development and recreational activities of the inhabitants of Loon op Zand. The stimulation of tourism also plays a role. Director Weem starts working for Efteling and on 11 May 1951 the former sports park is expanded with a pond, parking areas, sports fields, a tea house and new playground equipment. Some 50,000 visitors come through the gate to visit 65 hectares (160 acres) of nature.
1952: opening Fairytale Forest
On 31 May 1952 the Fairytale Forest is opened, with ten fairytales in it. The original fairytales are: Sleeping Beauty, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, The Frog Prince, The Magic Clock, The Chinese Nightingale, The Talking Parrot, Long Neck, The Gnome Houses, Mother Holle and Wee Walter Messenger. This results in 222,941 visitors who pay 80 cents in Dutch Guilder (€ 0.36/0.31 GBP) for an entry ticket.
During the following years the park is extended with a café-restaurant, a swimming pool, a lake for rowing and canoeing, and some new inhabitants of the Fairytale Forest, such as The Sleeping Cooks, The Sentinel, and Hansel and Gretel. In 1953, 411,671 visitors see The Red Shoes dance for the first time, and only three years later, with the advent of the Stoomcarrousel steam carousel in 1956, the number of visitors reaches 700,000.
1959: Paper gobbler 'Holle Bolle Gijs'
The friendly glutton 'Holle Bolle Gijs' appears in 1959. Gijs, the paper devouring bin, becomes famous worldwide. A short time later Little Red Riding Hood and The Indian Water Lilies also take up residence in the Fairytale Forest. The first steam train Stoomtrein with locomotive Aagje runs along the 'Miniature steam train track no. 1’ through the park from 1969. In 1971 visitors can visit the Diorama, a three dimensional 'Pieckerian' miniature world.
1972: international award
In 1972 Efteling is awarded the Pomme d’Or, its first important international award, for its format, originality and recreational function. In a wing of the steam carousel building, the public can see performances in the Victorian Theatre. The next year The Wolf and the Seven Kids become the new inhabitants of the Fairytale Forest and in 1974 steam locomotive Moortje takes to the rails.
1978: more than just a Fairytale Forest
The park wants to be more than just the Fairytale Forest. The Spookslot Haunted House opens it creaking, heavy doors in 1978. The record number of 1,449,078 visitors is registered, and the 25 millionth visitor since the establishment of Efteling is welcomed to the park. The steel Python roller coaster is a resounding success from the first day 1981. The forty little boats of the Gondoletta are launched, and in the Game Gallery, visitors can play all sorts of games. The following year, excitement is increased even further with the arrival of the swinging ship Halve Maen. From 1983, more than 2,000,000 visitors try to keep their clothes dry in the Piraña river rapids ride.
1984: expansion of attractions
In the meantime, the park is much more than just a sports park and a Fairytale Forest. Throughout 1984, extensive building work is going on for the new large attractions such as Carnaval Festival, Polka Marina pirates' carousel and Oude Tuffer classic car ride. The year after that the Bobsleigh run opens, and so does Fata Morgana dark ride, 'the Forbidden City' in 1986. In that year the Russian space exhibition 'Interkosmos' gives visitors the opportunity to see genuine moon sand. From 1987, more than 300,000 tulip bulbs form a sea of flowers of over 12 acres, and visitors can look out over Efteling from the new Pagode, the flying Thai temple, from a height of 148 feet. Later Monsieur Cannibale and the Laaf People also take up abode in Efteling. From 1989 on, Pardoes is the charming new host of Efteling. In 1991 the wooden roller coaster Pegasus opens, in line with the theme of the year: 'The Fifties'. In July and August the Grand Efteling Summer Circus is a unique attraction. Efteling welcomes its 50 millionth visitor.
1992: 40th anniversary and opening of the Efteling Hotel
Efteling turns 40 years old in 1992, and celebrates with an exhibition and a display about Anton Pieck. The Efteling Hotel is also officially opened. During the summer the park offers the Summer Ice Show: an temporary ice rink of 358 square yards. The park receives the Applause Award. The next year the Droomvlucht dark ride opens its doors to its fairy-like world.
1995: Efteling Golf Park
The eighteen holes of the Efteling Golf Park are officially opened. For the youngest visitors the park opens the Kleuterhof children's Playground and the Avonturen Doolhof adventure maze. Anton Pieck's 100th birthday results in the first fairytale writing competition in primary schools in the Netherlands and Flanders: the Efteling Anton Pieck Prize.
1996: The House of the five Senses
The spectacular and characteristic entrance to Efteling, The House of the five Senses, becomes the new entry gate. Villa Volta madhouse is also opened. In the Efteling Theatre, an enchanting own production is treading the boards: the Fairytale Show. For the first time the Seven Miles Summer takes place in Efteling and the 60 millionth visitor is festively welcomed. In 1998 the indoor roller coaster Vogel Rok is opened, and the Fairytale Forest is expanded during the following years with, among others, The Giant & Tom Thumb, Rumpelstiltskin and Snow White's wicked stepmother's castle.
1999: division into four realms
In 1999 a start is made with the division of the park into four realms: the enchanting Marerijkthe adventurous Reizenrijkthe exciting Ruigrijk and the mystical AnderrijkThe Winter Efteling takes place for the first time. The next year, Pardijntje, the girlfriend of host Pardoes, greets visitors for the first time. From 2001 the Efteling Theatre starts to become a major attraction with international stars in the spectacular ‘Efteling on Ice’ show, which is performed throughout the season. For this production Efteling receives a Big E-award. From then on the shows and musicals are unstoppable. In the course of the year Rapunzel is given a place in the Fairytale Forest.
2002: 50th anniversary
In 2002 Efteling celebrates its 50th anniversary with the attraction PandaDroom 3D film and the new Efteling Theatre, in which The Wonderful Efteling Show with magician Hans Klok is performed. Other activities are a jubilee exhibition, a documentary and the book ‘Efteling, Chronicle of a fairytale’ which charts 50 years of Efteling history.
Two years later the new Efteling Museum is opened, and The Little Match Girl makes her entry into the Fairytale Forest as the 25th fairytale.
2005: 200th birthday of Hans Christian Andersen
Hans Christian Andersen's 200th birthday is celebrated all over the world. In Efteling, the Danish fairytale writer takes centre stage during the whole of 2005. The Efteling Hotel opens a suite which is dedicated to the famous Dane and in the Efteling Museum there is an exhibition about the Efteling fairytales by Andersen. This exhibition is followed the next year by the new exhibition '25 years of fast attractions in the park'. Also, the animation series 'Fairytale Tree´is broadcast on Dutch and Belgian television.
2007: De Vliegende Hollander water coaster
For the 55th anniversary of Efteling the spectacular new attraction De Vliegende Hollander water coaster is opened. On 21 July 2008, Efteling launches its own radio station, Efteling Radio. In September, the first scenes are shot of the new television series TiTaTovenaar, and the first stone of Efteling Bosrijk is laid. One year later Cinderella moves into her house in the Fairytale Forest, and Paper gobbler 'Holle Bolle Gijs' celebrates his 50th birthday with a temporary exhibition in the Efteling Museum.
2009: Holiday Village Efteling Bosrijk
At the end of 2009, the first guests stay overnight at Holiday Village Efteling Bosrijk, a holiday village with houses and apartments in the middle of nature. With the opening of the holiday village, Efteling became an ideal short-break destination, including a multiple days park visit. At around the same time, Station de Oost is opened in the Ruigrijk. From 2010, the gates of the theme park remain open all year round. In summer, the new wooden dual-track roller coaster Joris en de Draak opens, and the Fairytale Tree starts telling fairytales in the Fairytale-Forest. The next year, Efteling presents the mysterious town and park show Raveleijn. Later on, in 2013 and 2014, Holiday Village Efteling Bosrijk won the award ‘best holiday village of The Netherlands’, awarded by Bungalowspecials, based on the reviews of holiday makers.
2012: 60th anniversary
In 2012, the 60th anniversary of Efteling starts with the first New Year's Eve celebrations in Efteling. Pancake restaurant Polles Keuken opens its doors, and on 31 May, the world première of Aquanura takes place, the largest water show in Europe. The Zeven Pleinen Festijn (seven squares feast) takes place for the first time in this year, and the fairytale The Emperor’s New Clothes can be found in the Fairytale Forest.
2014: cooperation with DJ Tiësto
From 1 April 2014, Efteling presents a new Aquanura water show. In cooperation with DJ Tiësto, the Second Efteling Symphony is a fitting successor to the first show dating from 2012. The first whispers about plans for dive coaster Baron 1898 are also heard.
2015: Baron 1898
On 1 July 2015, the free fall roller coaster Baron 1898 and candy shop ‘De Verleiding’ (the temptation) are opened. In Holiday Village Efteling Bosrijk, eight group accommodations are built: the so-called Woodland farms as well as additional Woodland Houses and Village Houses.
2016: building the future
The Fairytale Forest welcomes Pinocchio, who also performs brilliantly in the Efteling Theater. In September, the Efteling fairytale musical De Gelaarsde Kat also starts at the theater. Building work is started for Efteling Village Loonsche Land and for dark ride attraction Symbolica.